Compromise
no more

Team

MNM is a scientific start-up created by a multi-specialist team of experts: geneticists, molecular biologists, bioinformaticians and AI specialists.

Leadership

Research & Development

Technology

Business and Administration

Advisory Board

Pawel Zawadzki, PhD

CEO & Co-founder
Leadership

Pawel Zawadzki, PhD

CEO & Co-founder

"I believe, know that Data science and AI will transform the way we discover and develop new cancer treatments." At MNM, Pawel has played a central role in building a team of researchers, data scientists and AI professionals. Together, the team has catalogued tumor mutations, and by combining them with other omics data, they provide an unprecedented understanding of tumor vulnerabilities. Pawel completed an interdisciplinary PhD in 2009 (Biology, Chemistry and Physics), followed by Postdoctoral training at Oxford University from 2009 to 2017. He was then a group leader in Cancer Genomics from 2017 to 2020, as well as a founder of MNM in 2018; later on, he dedicated his undivided attention to MNM. Pawel enjoys cycling, motorbike racing, and a good read.

Katarzyna Zawadzka

COO & Co-founder
Leadership

Katarzyna Zawadzka

COO & Co-founder

Kasia founded MNM Diagnostics together with Pawel Zawadzki, Alicja Wozna and Patryk Urban in 2018. From the beginning, the company focused on bringing a better understanding of the origin of genetic diseases and finding new therapies to fight them. At the early stages of the company, she was managing and facilitating all company operations: from technical development, laboratory, projects, marketing and sales and talent acquisition. She played an important role in the design and implementation of business strategies, plans and procedures. Now she is responsible for the company’s international expansion strategy and execution. Kasia is a graduate of Biotechnology from Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan and a long-time employee of the DNA Sequencing Laboratory at the University. She continued her scientific career at the University of Oxford, where she gained knowledge, experience and scientific independence. Her research was conducted at the Department of Biochemistry and aimed at understanding chromosome organisation. Her scientific research has been published in many prestigious journals. Kasia loves good literature, cycling, hiking and meaningful discussions.

Maciej Piernik, PhD

VP of AI
Leadership

Maciej Piernik, PhD

VP of AI

Maciej joined MNM in 2020. He coordinates the company’s efforts associated with artificial intelligence. Maciej also holds the position of an assistant professor at the Institute of Computing Science, Poznan University of Technology, where he received his M.Sc. and PhD in computer science. His research focuses mainly on machine learning in complex data. Maciej also has several years of experience as a software developer around IT solutions in healthcare and served as an administrator of the IT platforms and databases of the Polish Registry of Congenital Malformations. Privately, Maciej is a family man who enjoys listening to music, playing piano and guitar, reading, playing tennis and squash.

Alicja Wozna

Head of Research and Development
Leadership

Alicja Wozna

Head of Research and Development

Alicja Wozna is the Head of Research and Development Team at MNM Bioscience. She has been part of MNM from the very beginning; together with outstanding experts in the field of biology, cancer genomics and AI, she drives the application of AI, machine learning in understanding the cancer biology through biomarker signatures, and the discovery and development of novel drug 'candidates'. Alicja Wozna is one of UAM’s most accomplished young PhDs. Prior to joining MNM, she gained experience in applying sequencing methods to cancer research during many internships in pioneering Polish and foreign institutions, such as the École Normale Supérieure de Lyon. During her master's program in Biotechnology, she worked at the BioInfoBank Institue, where she began her adventure with oncological research. After work, Alicja enjoys sports, including running, skiing, squash, gym workouts, good thrillers and movies.

Pawel Sztromwasser, PhD

Head of Genome Computing
Leadership

Pawel Sztromwasser, PhD

Head of Genome Computing

Pawel joined MNM in 2019 and is currently leading a team that develops and maintains MNM's portfolio of genomic features - biomarkers that characterize tumors. Pawel has extensive experience in building large scale bioinformatics pipelines and sequencing data analysis. Before setting up the bioinformatics infrastructure in MNM, Pawel worked in academia studying rare disorders using targetted and whole-genome sequencing data (the University of Bergen, Medical University of Lodz), and at Haukeland University Hospital in Bergen building clinical-grade infrastructure for processing whole-exome sequencing data. Pawel holds an MSc in computer science from the University of Wroclaw (Poland), and a PhD in bioinformatics from the University of Bergen (Norway). Privately a father of 4, a husband, snowboarder, and enthusiast of every outdoor activity.

Marcin Kowiel, PhD

Head of AI
Leadership

Marcin Kowiel, PhD

Head of AI

Marcin started working at MNM in November 2021. At the moment he is leading the data science team, which develops solutions and machine learning models related to drug target discovery. Marcin graduated in Mathematics and Computer Science from Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan. In 2015, he earned his PhD in the field of pharmacy at Poznan University of Medical Sciences. During his scientific career, he worked with digital holography (Oulu Southern Institute, Ylivieska, Finland), crystallography of small organic substances (Poznan University of Medical Sciences), bioinformatics, modelling and validation of protein crystal structures (Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences). During an internship at the University of Virginia, USA, he developed machine learning models for ligand recognition in protein crystal structures. Author of more than 22 scientific publications. Since 2012, he is a web application software developer in Python, and is furthermore working in the cyber security field (F-Secure) since 2016, first as a software engineer and later as a senior data scientist and line manager. He has been responsible for team management, big data analysis (Spark), and the development of machine learning models (scikit-learn) in the cloud environment (AWS). He is an enthusiast of agile methods, Scrum and Kamban. In his free time likes to cycle, travel and take photos.

Klaudia Pacewicz

Genome Analyst - Team Leader
Research & Development

Klaudia Pacewicz

Genome Analyst - Team Leader

Klaudia has been working at MNM since 2020. She is leading a team which is responsible for multi-omics and clinical data gathering and processing. She also plays a key role in genomic data analysis and the combination of biology and artificial intelligence approaches to potential drug target discovery or understanding of tumor molecular profiles of cancer patients. She graduated in biotechnology from the University of Adam Mickiewicz in Poznan. She gained additional knowledge and experience during numerous scientific internships i.e., at the Polish Academy of Sciences, where she worked on liquid biopsy-based test development to improve the diagnosis of head and neck cancer patients, as well as carrying out her own research projects focused on the development of diagnostic methods for patients with neurodegenerative diseases. Privately, a lover of board games and traveller, regularly playing squash and exercising at the gym.

Weronika Majer-Burman, PhD

Genome Analyst
Research & Development

Weronika Majer-Burman, PhD

Genome Analyst

Weronika joined MNM in 2020. She is a genome analyst in the research and development team. She takes part in the development of novel drug 'candidates' and the identification of new biomarker signatures for known cancer therapies utilizing the understanding of cancer biology and machine learning. In 2014 she finished her master’s degree in biotechnology at the University of Life Sciences in Poznań, at the same year she started her PhD at the Faculty of Biology at the University of Adam Mickiewicz in Poznan in the Laboratory of High-Throughput Technologies. In 2020 she defended her doctorate regarding utilizing circulating nucleic acids in the detection of renal cancer. She gained her knowledge of cancer genetics during international courses in Toronto and Paris and scientific cooperation with scientists from the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam, which involved research of miRNA and cfDNA utilization in the detection of kidney cancer. In her spare time, she likes to read, paint and exercise doing yoga, cycling, or going to the gym.

Michal Gniot, PhD

Genome Analyst & Diagnostician
Research & Development

Michal Gniot, PhD

Genome Analyst & Diagnostician

Michal joined MNM in mid-2020. He is focused on analyzing genetic data to understand the underlying mechanisms of carcinogenesis and to find cancer's weak spots. He is by profession a biotechnologist, with a PhD in medical sciences. Moreover, he is a certified medical laboratory scientist, with over 13 years of experience in molecular diagnostics of neoplasms, mainly haematological. Currently, in the course of specialization in Laboratory Medical Genetics, he was involved in national and international projects for the standardization of molecular assays in leukaemias. A long-time collaborator of the Department of Hematology in Poznań (2007), since 2017 he holds the position of assistant professor. Member of a number of scientific societies (European Hematology Association, Polish Society of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Polish Society of Human Genetics). In his spare time - a photographer, motorcyclist, and a homebrewer, but mostly the family man.

Bronisława Szarzynska, PhD

R&D Laboratory Manager
Research & Development

Bronisława Szarzynska, PhD

R&D Laboratory Manager

Bronia joined MNM in June 2022. She coordinates MNM’s laboratory work focused on drug target identification and characterization. Bronia has a PhD in Medical Sciences from the Institute of Human Genetics Polish Academy of Sciences in Poznan. She participated in numerous scientific projects and internships (University Medical Center for Children and Adolescents, Heidelberg, Germany; Ghent University, Belgium; University of New Mexico, USA). She has a publication track record related to a better understanding of the molecular basis of head and neck cancer and leukemia. Before joining MNM, she worked for a biopharma company on the development of gene therapy products. After hours, Bronia is a plant lover and an enthusiast of all sorts of outdoor activities.

Krzysztof Bokiej

Head of Platform and Pipelines
Leadership

Krzysztof Bokiej

Head of Platform and Pipelines

Krzysztof joined MNM at the beginning of 2022. He is leading the Platform and Pipelines team and works on building the state of the art multi-omics processing platform. He has around 15 years of experience in IT, especially in batch data processing, cloud computing and big data technologies. For years he has been working in the pharma industry and learned how to use modern infrastructure and scaling frameworks to increase the efficiency of medical data utilisation. Krzysztof is a rock climber and likes to travel for outdoor climbing.

Maciej Dabrowski, PhD

Director of Scientific Development
Leadership

Maciej Dabrowski, PhD

Director of Scientific Development

Maciej started work for MNM in 2019. As a Director of Scientific Development, he is responsible for the supervision of scientific projects and grants. He also coordinates BioBank and cooperation with clinical and academic institutions. In 2018 Maciej obtained a PhD in Medical Sciences from the Institute of Human Genetics PAS in Poznan. During his scientific career, he was a leader of several research grants, published many articles in international peer-reviewed journals, and completed internships in prestigious academic facilities like University Hospital Southampton in the UK and International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology in Italy. Since 2017 a member of the Polish Human Genetics Association, rewarded with the Golden Helix Award. He was also a recipient of a prestigious Etiuda Scholarship from the National Science Center. After hours Maciej spends time practising martial arts, long-distance running, and hiking in the mountains.

Dariusz Brzezinski, PhD

Senior Data Scientist
Technology

Dariusz Brzezinski, PhD

Senior Data Scientist

Dariusz has been working at MNM since early 2021. He helps with designing AI models, building model monitoring tools, and coordinating scientific research. Dariusz is also an Associate Professor at the Institute of Computing Science, Poznan University of Technology, where he received his PhD. He also spent some time at the Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics at the University of Virginia. His research interests include machine learning, data stream mining, and structural biology. He also dabbled in projects involving product demand prediction, congenital anomaly databases, e-book library analyses, and machine learning in coop-survival computer games. On his days off, Dariusz likes to play the guitar and shoot some hoops.

Roman Jaksik, PhD

Senior Bioinformatician
Technology

Roman Jaksik, PhD

Senior Bioinformatician

Roman has been working for MNM since the end of 2020, however, he officially joined the team in early 2022. He is responsible for the evaluation of data processing tools as well as the development of new analysis workflows. Roman is a bioinformatician interested in the development of novel methods for the analysis of high throughput molecular data and also studies of intracellular processes related to the development and progression of cancer. He is a co-author of over 35 JCR articles in the field of molecular biology and bioinformatics, created in collaboration with the most prominent national and international cancer research laboratories. Roman also holds the position of an assistant professor at the Silesian University of Technology in the Department of Systems Biology and Engineering. After hours, Roman is a DIY enthusiast, using various techniques related primarily to woodworking and electronics.

Pawel Piatkowski

Senior Bioinformatics DevOps Engineer
Technology

Pawel Piatkowski

Senior Bioinformatics DevOps Engineer

Pawel moved to MNM from a pharmaceutical company in June 2022 to help us build reproducible computational pipelines and the tooling necessary to run them in a cloud environment. Biomedical engineer by education, he has transitioned to a bioinformatics engineer role having spent over 10 years in academia and industry. Pawel has contributed to a number of research projects in bioinformatics and biostatistics, and is a co-author of several open-source scientific software packages. Pawel is an avid cyclist. On rainy days, he likes playing with his collection of vintage computers.

Daniel Grzywczak

Data Scientist
Technology

Daniel Grzywczak

Data Scientist

Daniel started working with MNM in 2021. He graduated with a degree in engineering from the Warsaw University of Technology. At MNM, he is responsible for building artificial intelligence models and implementing tools for the machine learning pipeline. Daniel has many years of experience in R&D projects, mainly in the field of machine learning (cross-sell prediction, action recognition based on accelerometer data), deep learning (image recognition, object detection and segmentation, OCR) and image processing (image deblurring, heart rate estimation). He is also the author of publications in this field. In his free time, he travels and sings in a choir.

Tomasz Dyrka

Data Scientist
Technology

Tomasz Dyrka

Data Scientist

Tomasz joined MNM in February 2022. He graduated from Warsaw School of Economics with a specialisation in econometrics and has been working as data analyst/scientist ever since. His responsibilities cover creating machine learning models, data analysis and data engineering.

Maciej Meler

Junior Data Scientist
Technology

Maciej Meler

Junior Data Scientist

Maciej has been working at MNM since mid-2021. He is responsible for creating AI models, tools and analyses. Maciej graduated in engineering and computer science from the Poznań University of Technology. Currently, he is completing his master's studies in artificial intelligence. Maciej is interested in music production - he plays guitar and synthesizers. He also practices Japanese fencing - kendo.

Michal Medzin

Junior Data Scientist
Technology

Michal Medzin

Junior Data Scientist

Michał joined MNM in mid-2021. He is responsible for creating AI models, tools and analyses. Michał graduated in engineering and computer science from the Poznań University of Technology. Currently, he is completing his master's degree in artificial intelligence. In his free time, Michał enjoys baking, drawing and doing yoga.

Dawid Sielski

DevOps Engineer
Technology

Dawid Sielski

DevOps Engineer

Dawid started his MNM journey at the beginning of 2019. His main responsibility is to develop and maintain local and cloud infrastructure. Dawid gained experience during his studies by doing numerous projects, including at the Medical University of Lodz. His expertise in DevOps was developed during an internship at TomTom. Dawid obtained his master's degree in computer science at the Lodz University of Technology. In his free time, Dawid enjoys spending time outside especially doing slackline. Other than that, he loves a good book or a good movie.

Michal Gorczewski

Head of Finance
Leadership

Michal Gorczewski

Head of Finance

Michal has been working at MNM since the beginning of 2021. He is leading the company’s finance, legal and corporate development affairs. Michal has over a decade of experience, mostly in the field of investment banking and investment management. Initially, he gained experience in the UK in JP Morgan Chase Investment Bank and the RBS. After returning to Poland, he worked in a local asset management firm as well as an insurance company, where he was an investment director. Michal graduated from Edinburgh Napier University. Michal is a keen traveller and athlete. In his free time, he enjoys various sports, especially football, squash, and yoga.

Paulina Kolodziejak

Administration Manager
Business and Administration

Paulina Kolodziejak

Administration Manager

Paulina has been associated with MNM since March 2019. She coordinates all of the administrative activities and is responsible for personnel and financial matters. Paulina is a graduate of International Relations at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan. She gained professional experience in administration, HR, accounting, as well as implementation and financial reporting in projects co-financed from EU funds while working at the AMU NanoBioMedical Center and international corporations. Privately, she is passionate about travel, non-fiction books and yoga.

Jaroslaw Lojewski

BD Manager
Business and Administration

Jaroslaw Lojewski

BD Manager

Jarek joined MNM at the beginning of 2022. He is responsible for supporting the company in all issues related to business and commercial partnerships. He is focused on healthcare and business. Initially, he gained experience as a Project Coordinator at Greater Poland Cancer Centre. Next, he was involved in creating the business development department and creating a marketing strategy for one of the biggest CDMO in Central Europe - as Business Development Manager. He graduated from Poznan University of Economics and Business. Then he completed postgraduate studies in Healthcare Management and currently is during postgraduate studies: in Pharmaceutical Marketing at Medical University in Poznań. Privately, he loves various sports (sport shooting, tennis, volleyball, karate, handball).

Maria Ancukiewicz

Brand Manager
Business and Administration

Maria Ancukiewicz

Brand Manager

Maria has been working at MNM since the beginning of 2022. She is responsible for building the brand strategy of the startup. Initially, she gained experience in the Marketing Office at Generali; she also worked as a Marketing Manager for a law company. Since 2018, she has been running the FWD: Foundation of Contemporary Art. Maria graduated with honours from the University of Arts in Poznan. Her master thesis was: 'Active Audience in the History of Exhibitions: approach towards a monograph' and received the Best Master Thesis Award. Maria is interested in curatorial experiments that engage the audience. She combines her artistic abilities with marketing skills.

Agata Nowicka

People and Communication Manager
Business and Administration

Agata Nowicka

People and Communication Manager

Agata joined MNM in February 2022. Initially, her role was to audit and optimise HT processes. She currently focuses on the development of the MNM team and its growth. She is a graduate of English Philology at Adam Mickiewicz University. She is currently completing her MA dissertation in Occupational and Organisational Psychology, also at Adam Mickiewicz University. She has experience in a corporate environment and in the past three years as an independent consultant and coach. Agata spends her spare time on walks or with her nose buried in books mainly on psychiatry, psychotherapy and management.

Piotr Topolski

DPO, Network Administrator
Business and Administration

Piotr Topolski

DPO, Network Administrator

Piotr Topolski joined MNM in 2020. As Data Protection Officer, his responsibility is the protection of data and GDPR compliance. Piotr is the administrator of the computer network and acts as a support for the employees. A graduate of the University of Lodz. He completed postgraduate studies in data protection. Author of popular science articles on information security. 2005-2008 administrator of the USOS system (Oracle) at the University of Lodz. In 2008-2016, he was the head of the IT Team at the Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Lodz. Propagator of VDI solutions in the public sector. 2016-2018 Data Protection Officer at the University of Lodz. From 2018, a freelancer specializing in information security. Privately, Piotr is an avid motorcyclist and sailor.

Karolina Lisiak-Teodorczyk

Senior Laboratory Specialist
Research & Development

Karolina Lisiak-Teodorczyk

Senior Laboratory Specialist

Karolina joined MNM in 2019. She is responsible for coordinating the work of the molecular laboratory. Karolina has participated in numerous research projects aimed at developing and implementing tests in the field of diagnostics of genetic diseases. She gained experience during internships in scientific institutions and pharmaceutical companies. She graduates in Biotechnology with a specialization in genetic diagnostics at the University of Life Sciences in Poznań. Then she completed postgraduate studies at the Medical University in Poznań, obtaining the license to practice as a laboratory diagnostician. Currently in the course of specialization in Laboratory Medical Genetics. Privately, she is passionate of travel and winter sports.

Filip Osinski

Quality & ISO Specialist
Business and Administration

Filip Osinski

Quality & ISO Specialist

Filip joined the MNM team in early 2022. In his work, he deals with the maintenance of Quality Management System, that is: supervision over company documentation, conducting internal audits and supervision of non-conformities. Absolvent of Poznan University of Life Sciences. By education and passion related to environmental protection, however, for almost 12 years he has been professionally involved in Quality Management. Mainly associated with the automotive, electrical and electronic industries. Since 2016, an academic teacher at the Poznan University of Technology, where he educates students in the field of Quality and Environmental Management in manufacturing companies. Author of many publications on quality and its impact on the energy efficiency of enterprises and the natural environment. Privately, a lover of good food, long journeys and loud music.

Filip Wolbach

Laboratory Specialist
Research & Development

Filip Wolbach

Laboratory Specialist

Filip joined MNM in 2019. He is responsible for the operation of the molecular laboratory. Filip gained experience during his studies at Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan through student exchanges abroad, among others at Universidade da Coruña and Universidad de Córdoba, where also took part in research projects. Currently, he has started postgraduate studies in Clinical Trials and Biomedical Research at the Medical University in Poznan. Privately, he enjoys backpacking, cycling and he is interested in Spanish traditions and culture.

Prof. David Sherratt

Advisory Board Member
Advisory Board

Prof. David Sherratt

Advisory Board Member

Professor David Sherratt is Iveagh Professor of Microbiology at the Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford. In 1969 he completed his PhD at the University of Edinburgh, in the then newly formed Department of Molecular Biology. From Edinburgh David went on to become a post-doctoral fellow at the University of California for two years, working on the newly characterised plasmid ColE1, in Don Helinski’s lab. David returned to the UK in 1971 to become a lecturer at the University of Sussex. In 1980 he would go on to become Chair of Genetics at Glasgow University. Then moving to Oxford in 1994 to take up a post as Iveagh Chair of Microbiology, it was at this time David also served as president of the Genetics Society. David considers himself a molecular detective who uses interdisciplinary approaches to understand how the bacterial chromosome is organized, replicated, repaired, unlinked and segregated within a living cell. Studying how these processes are interwoven with cell physiology in steady-state growth and under ‘perturbed’ conditions.

Prof. Marcin Nowotny

Advisory Board Member
Advisory Board

Prof. Marcin Nowotny

Advisory Board Member

Prof. Marcin Nowotny, head of the Protein Structure Laboratory at the International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology.

Wojciech Bulaszenko

QA Engineer
Technology

Wojciech Bulaszenko

QA Engineer

Wojciech joined MNM at the beginning of 2022. He is a quality engineer, working on preparing tools and procedures to increase the quality of the product and speed up process development. He has around 8 years of experience in IT, especially in batch data processing, cloud computing and frontend tools for UI testing. He has been working in Fandom, F-secure, BAE and Nordcloud industries where he learned how to use modern tools and frameworks to increase the quality of the product. Wojtek is known as Bula and, in his free time, rides on longboards and listens to music.

Szymon Szyszkowski

Junior Software Developer
Technology

Szymon Szyszkowski

Junior Software Developer

Szymon Szyszkowski joined MNM at the end of 2021. His responsibility is to develop new tools and frameworks for building new genomic features. Szymon is a self-taught developer with a background in biotechnology. He started his career at the Children's Memorial Health Institute, where he gained experience in genomics. He obtained his engineer's degree in the field of bioinformatics by studying biotechnology at the Lodz University of Technology and later completed his postgraduate studies in OMICS data science. Privately he is a big fan of tech, computers and programming. Other than that he loves cooking and running.

Mateusz Janusz

Junior Bioinformatics Engineer
Technology

Mateusz Janusz

Junior Bioinformatics Engineer

Mateusz joined MNM in April 2022. After merging the Pipelines team with the Platforms team, he became responsible for maintaining and developing bioinformatic pipelines, as well as developing infrastructure. He graduated with a Bachelor of Biotechnology from University of Wroclaw; currently he is completing a master's degree in bioinformatics at the University of Life and Environmental Sciences in Wroclaw. Mateusz is a family person, enjoying every moment with his friends or family. He is also keen on playing board games and wandering in the mountains.

Antonina Bielicka

Junior Genome Analyst
Research & Development

Antonina Bielicka

Junior Genome Analyst

Antonina joined MNM in 2022. As part of the Research & Development Team, her duties are mainly in the data acquisition and data processing area. Last year, Antonina graduated from Poznan University of Medical Sciences, medical biotechnology studies. Now, she is young scientist, willing to work in the field, which change our world to a better place. She is fascinated by the analysis of human genomes, applying AI algorithms to biomedical sciences and the drug discovery process. In her free time she loves to stay in nature, spending nights in the tent, trekking through the mountains. She is also a scout leader engaged in training teams.

Albert Pater

Junior DevOps
Technology

Albert Pater

Junior DevOps

Albert joined MNM in April 2022. He works as a DevOps Engineer and his main responsibility is to develop and maintain our processing platform. His strong points are AWS and Python, but also feels comfortable coding in Ruby, BASH and JS. After hours, Albert enjoys spending time spinning poi, juggling and hiking. During bad weather, he likes playing the drums and creating computer graphics.

Hubert Osypowicz

Junior DevOps
Technology

Hubert Osypowicz

Junior DevOps

Hubert joined MNM in May 2022. He is a DevOps Engineer and works on constant improvement of MNM's cloud infrastructure in AWS, as well as integration with current on-prem infra. His main responsibility is to develop the computing platform on AWS. He started as a C# Developer around a year ago. But his main coding language is Python, which he started learning in elementary school., making his first projects for friends and for himself. In his free time, Hubert enjoys spending time with friends, as well as good movies and games.