Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a motile ciliopathy, whose symptoms include airway infections, male infertility and situs inversus. Apart from the typical forms of PCD, rare syndromic PCD forms exist. Mutations of the X-linked OFD1 gene cause several syndromic ciliopathies, including oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1, Joubert syndrome type 10 (JBTS10), and Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome type 2, the latter causing the X-linked syndromic form of PCD. Whole-exome sequencing in a group of 120 Polish PCD patients had been performed, followed by mutation screening of the OFD1 coding sequence, analysis of motile cilia, and magnetic resonance brain imaging. Consistent with the literature, truncations of the C-terminal part of OFD1 (exons 16-22) almost invariably cause a respiratory phenotype (due to motile cilia defects) while their impact on the primary cilia function is limited. Therefore, the authors suggest that exons 20-21 should be included in the panel for regular mutation screening in PCD.

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